Sails In Spanish

Sails In Spanish
Sails In Spanish

The defeat of the Spanish Armada

The defeat of the Armada Spanish

In July 1588 King Philip II of Spain ordered the Spanish Navy on a mission to conquer Protestant England lead by Queen Elizabeth I. The "Enterprise of England", the plan to topple England was not intended for the sole purpose English Protestantism, but also a message in the countries of Western Europe last minute of the Church Catholic would not be tolerated.

Ultimately, the plan to invade England, proved to be not only an expedition Spanish military costly, but ultimately, marked by lower Spanish Navy as a world power navel. And in so doing, also marked the decline of Spain as a world power by the end of the war in 1604.

But the English of the fall of the Spanish Armada was Sir Francis celebrated a victory is even more a hero than was previously and did not even have an impact Drake celebrations Tudor Christmas!

At the time of Elizabeth I of England, Spain controlled what was called the Netherlands Spanish. This was the Netherlands and Belgium today.

Holland does not like being Catholic and wanted independence from Spanish rule. Protestant ideas were thrown roots in Holland and many of them in the Netherlands were Protestant secret. If someone had publicly declared their belief Protestant life was in danger.

Spain used to track down the Inquisition demonstrators. However, during the reign of Elizabeth, the English helped the Dutch Protestants in Holland. This angered the king of Spain – Philip II – who wanted to put a stop to Protestant beliefs.

For a short time was married to Elizabeth I, half-sister Mary, and when they were married, England was a Catholic. With England under his control, Philip could control the English Channel and the boats could have a easy way from Spain to the Spanish Netherlands. Spanish troops stationed in the country can be easily provided.

English "wolves sea "for some time had caused much damage to the business of money in Spain. Men like Sir Francis Drake attacked Spanish expedition to the Caribbean and Spain has lost a large sum of money when the ships carrying silver sank or had their goods seized by Drake. For the Drake English was a hero, but the Spaniards he was not just a pirate who, in his opinion, was allowed to do what he did with the full knowledge of the queen. The Spanish East could not accept.

In 1587, Queen Mary of Scots, was executed England to Elizabeth I. Mary was a Catholic and Philip II believed he had a duty to ensure that no other Catholics were arrested England and that no more should be executed. Mary, Queen of Scots, also said that if she became queen, Philip must inherit the throne after his death.

Hence his decision to attack and invade England.

Navy had been delayed by bad weather, forcing the four galleries and a galleon to leave the fleet, and has not been seen in England until 19 July when he appeared against Mount St. Michael in Cornwall. The news was sent to London for a system of tags that had been built throughout the south coast. That night the British fleet was caught in> the port of Plymouth by the rising tide. The Spaniards called a war council he intended to get into the harbor with the tide and defuse the defense of ships at anchor, and then to attack England, but Medina Sidonia refused to act, choose to move to the east and the Isle of Wight. Shortly after, 55 British ships went in search of Plymouth, led by Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir Francis Drake as Vice-Admiral. Howard has given some control of Drake, given their experience in combat, and Admiral Sir John Hawkins.

Lord Henry Seymour, with Sir William Winter, he ordered his fleet forty ships English and Dutch, commanded by Justin of Nassau, Admiral Zeeland, off the coast of Flanders, to avoid joining forces developed under the Duke of Parma, with the Navy.

In a speech to the people English prepare for a possible invasion by the Spanish Queen Isabel wrote:

"My loving people, who have been persuaded by some that take care of our security, to take heed how we commit ourselves to armed multitudes for fear of betrayal, but I assure you, I do not want live to distrust my faithful and loving.

let tyrants fear, I have always done the same in God, I have my strength the most valuable and safeguard in the loyal heart and goodwill of my subjects, and therefore I am come among you as we see right now, none for my recreation and entertainment, but it was resolved in the medium and the heat of battle, to live or die amongst you all – to file for my God and my kingdoms, and for my people, my honor and my blood even in the dust.
I know I have the body of a woman weak, weak, but my heart and stomach a king – and a king of England too, and that lack contempt that the Prince of Parma or Spain or Europe should dare invade the borders of my kingdom, so that more than any dishonor should grow by me, I'll take up arms – I'll be your judge, in general, and rewards each of its virtues in the field.

I know, advancement, which have won awards and crowns, and I assure you, in the word of a prince, which shall be duly paid. In the meantime, Lieutenant-General Leicester shall be in my shoes, which never prince commanded a more noble and worthy subject, not not doubting of your obedience to my general, by your concord in the field, and its value in the field, will soon have a famous victory over the enemies My God, my kingdom and my people. "

On 27 July, the Armada anchored in Calais, a tight formation Crescent defense, not far from Dunkirk, where the army of the Duke of expected reduced to 16,000 by the disease, which is expected, ready to join the fleet of barges shipped ports on the Flemish coast. Communications proved to be much more difficult than expected, and only now become clear that this the army had not yet been equipped with adequate transport and assembled in the harbor, a process that would take at least six days, pending Medina Sidonia anchored, and Dunkirk was blocked by a Dutch fleet of thirty flyboats by Lieutenant-Admiral Justin Nassa. Parma wants the Navy sends Petach its light to frighten the Dutch, but Medina Sidonia could not do it because I was afraid he might need these ships to their own protection.

There was no deep water port where the fleet might shelter – always recognized as a major difficulty for the question – and the Spanish were vulnerable as night approached. At midnight, July 28, the English set fire to eight fire ships , Ships of war sacrifice regular filling them with tar, sulfur, a little powder and tar poured downwind of ships at anchor near Navy. The Spaniards feared these midges were extremely large "hellburners" ums containing a specialized large powder charge, which was used for the deadly siege of Antwerp.

Two were intercepted and towed, but the rest fell on the fleet. Medina Sidonia lighthouse and large warships have maintained their positions, but the rest of the fleet to cut their anchor cables and dispersed in confusion. None of the Spanish ships were burned, but a means of training the moon had been broken, and the fleet was too leeward of Calais in the wind that rises in the southwest to regain his post. English has been closed in the battle.

The little port of Gravelines was part of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands, near the French border and the nearest land Spanish to English. Medina Sidonia tried to rebuild their fleet, and was reluctant to sail further east, knowing the danger of the banks of Flanders, where his enemies had sailed Dutch brands.

The British had learned about the forces of the Navy and weaknesses in the skirmishes in the Channel and found that it was necessary to close within 100 meters to penetrate the oak barrels of Spanish ships. They had spent most of their commitments on the powder first and after Wight had been Forced to keep his heavy shot and powder for the final decisive attack near Gravelines. During all liabilities, heavy artillery was Spanish proved unwieldy, and their gunners had not been trained to recharge – unlike their English counterparts, who shot a times, then jumped into the rigging to attend their first job as Marines prepared to board enemy ships. In fact, evidence of shipwrecks Armada Ireland shows that much of the ammunition of the fleet has not been spent. His determination to debate a victory in a close combat to body showed a weakness for Spanish, but was effective at times during the Battle of Lepanto and the Battle of Ponta Delgada (1582), but the English are aware of that power and sought to avoid distance.

With its maneuverability, the English fleet led Spanish fire while staying out of reach. English closed, firing repeated volleys damage enemy ships. It also helped to maintain a position in the wind, so that Heel Navy helmets were exposed to damage below the water.

Five Spanish ships were lost. The galleon San Lorenzo was failed to Calais and was directed by Howard after the fight against the murderers among the crew, slaves, English and French which finally took possession of the wreck. The galleon San Mateo and San Felipe, he left in a state sink, ran aground on the island Walcheren the next day and were taken by the Dutch. Ratchet ran aground near Blankenberge, another fell.

Many other Spanish ships were heavily damaged, including Spanish and Portuguese galleons in the Atlantic-class has had to bear the weight of the struggle against the run early hours of the desperate battle in individual actions against groups of English ships. The Spanish plan to join the army Parma had been beaten, and the English had provided a respite. But the Navy presence in northern waters continue to pose a serious threat to England.

The Armada sailed around Scotland and Ireland in the North Atlantic. The ships began to see wear long journey, and some are held together for the hull, including with cables. Food supplies and water were scarce, and horses of the cavalry were thrown the sea in the sea intention was to keep well to the west coast of Scotland and Ireland in the relative safety of the open sea. But not in time there is no way to accurately measure the length, the Spaniards were not aware that the Gulf Stream they are taken north and east, where they sought to move west and then south are much farther east than expected, a navigational error devastating.

Off the coast of Scotland and Ireland, the fleet encountered a series of strong westerly winds, which led many damaged boats to leeward coast. Because both the anchor was dropped during the flight of English fire ships Calais, many ships were unable to obtain housing when they reach the coast and Ireland were driven on the rocks. End of 1500, and 1588 in particular, have been marked by unusually heavy storms in the North Atlantic, perhaps associated with a high polar ice accumulation on the Greenland coast, a phenomenon of the "Little Ice Age." Consequently, many more ships and sailors were lost during the cold and stormy in combat.

After the winds estimated that 5,000 men died, either by drowning or starvation and slaughter at the hands of British forces after being driven ashore Ireland, only half of the Spanish Armada fleet returned to Spain. Reports passing around Ireland abound in strange brutality and survival and the testimony of Spanish sailing qualities. Some survivors were hidden by the Irish, but few have survived the Spanish shipwrecks service in Ireland, let alone go home.

Ultimately, 67 ships and 10,000 men in survivors. Many men have been near death from the disease, because the conditions were very close and most boats were left without food and water. Many other died in Spain, or hospital ships in Spanish ports, because of diseases contracted during the trip.

For more go to the facts History:

About the Author

Please translate the following words to Spanish?

1. wrong (adj.) 2. navigate to / ship (verb) – "we" form of imperfect please 3. chair or bench (name) 4. what is "Paint" (painting) on the "I" Formofa imperfect? 10 points in the first person to answer the four questions correctly

1. False 2. We sailed 3. bench / chair 4. I painted

Alinghi 5 sails in Valencia for first time

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